Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1817-7115 (Print)
ISSN 2541-898X (Online)


Means of Expressing Incivility in Speech Behavior of the Company Staff Members (As Exemplified in the US Serial The Office)

The article explores lexical, grammatical and stylistic means of expressing incivility in speech behavior of the company staff members. A range of linguistic and intonation means of expressing intentional and unintentional incivility is analyzed. It is revealed how impolite speech behavior can be gender-specific. The research is carried out on the example of stylized American English business communication.

How Gender Affects the Use of Organizational Discourse Markers in Popular-Science Discourse (Based on TED talks)

The article deals with the use of English organizational discourse markers which provide compositional and logical cohesion and integrity of the narration in spoken popular-science genre of TED talks. It is proved that on the level of speech organization male and female speakers using discourse markers demonstrate more similarities than differences.

Specific Characteristics of English Borrowingsin German and Spanish

The article studies the process of borrowing, adaptation and functioning of English vocabulary in national dialects of German and Spanish. The positive and negative factors of the English borrowings influencing these languages are examined.

Nomination of the Notion of “Heimat” with Lexeme “Alt” in the Context of the Essays by Russian Germans

The article deals with the analysis of nominations of the notion of “Heimat” with lexeme “alt” made by Russian Germans based on their modern essays. This paper characterizes Russian Germans and their language in terms of contact linguistics and history. Further, the comparative analysis of nomination “alte Heimat” used in relation to Germany and Russia is performed; general and specific points are identified. Comparative and interpretative methods, as well as contextual analysis method, are used in the article.

On the Forms of Actualizing Grammatical Categories in the Structure of a German Phraseological Unit

The article considers the grammatical characteristics of German phraseological units, highlights the dominant categorical grammatical features of nominal, verbal and verb-propositional phraseological units, and analyzes some possibilities for actualizing grammatical categories within a phraseological unit.

Conceptual Oppositions in the Formation of the Linguistic Identity of a Socialist Revolutionary of the Beginning the 20th Century V. М. Chernov

The work considers the ontological connection of linguistic existence and the national linguistic identity of the socialist revolutionary V. M. Chernov. It is attempted to identify the cognitive-pragmatic and value orientations of the linguistic identity of the Social Democrat and recreate the linguistic worldview of the epoch of the revolutionary crisis, by means of the analysis of conceptual oppositions in the discursive space of the author’s text.

Concepts of window and окно in the Genre of English and Russian Folk Ballads

The article deals with the lexicographic description of lexeme concepts window and окно in the mythopoetic view of the world exposed in the genre of folk ballad in the English and Russian languages. Using the methodology of thesaurus lexeme description and computational method of word processing, the lexical entries of the given concepts are provided along with the comparative analysis of the concepts reflected in the folk worldview of the two countries.

The Semiotic Character of a Term. On the Problem of Polysemy and Homonymy (Based on the Data of English IT-Terminology Dictionaries)

The article studies the semiotic character of an IT-term and sheds the light on its binary structure. The relationship between the signifier and the signified helps understand the correlation between the form and content of a term. The ideal term is supposed to possess one-to-one correspondence between the signifier and the signified. When this correspondence is violated and becomes asymmetric, polysemy and homonymy may occur.

Punctuation Techniques to Convey Expressiveness (Based on Modern Network Headlines)

The purpose of this article is to study the punctuation techniques of conveying expressiveness used by journalists in network headlines. It is proved that to increase the impact on the reader, journalists use question marks, rhetorical exclamations, parceling, a ‘chopped’ headline, etc. It is concluded that the study of punctuation techniques for conveying expressiveness allows us to better understand the trends that occur in modern journalism.

Functioning of the Qualifying Adverbs as a Part of a Predicate with the Synsemantic Verb in Speech

The study of the functioning of qualifying adverbs that make up the meaning of a synsemantic verb in modern press, business, scientific and everyday speech shows that such adverbs are most often used together with verbs of speech, intellectual or physical activity, mental perception, existence, behavior, attitude. In most cases, such adverbs contain various types of evaluations.