Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1817-7115 (Print)
ISSN 2541-898X (Online)

colloquial speech

“Modern speech communication in different spheres of society”: Results of the International Conference dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Professor O. B. Sirotinina

The article reviews the International Conference “Modern speech communication in different spheres of society” that took place on October 20–21, 2023, at the Institute of Philology and Journalism of Saratov State University. The conference was dedicated to a unique event – the 100th anniversary of SSU professor, an outstanding linguist, Olga Borisovna Sirotinina. Researchers from different cities of Russia and different countries (Armenia, Poland, Mongolia) responded to this significant event.

About the semantics of the word “cowardly” in the Russian language of the 18th–19th centuries and the meaning of the moral of Sumarokov’s fable The Hare and the Frogs

The article discusses the problem of studying the semantics of the word “cowardly” in the Russian language of the 18th and 19th centuries. The meaning of this lexeme has radically changed over time – this is evidenced by contexts from various sources (both documentary, scientific, and artistic).

Integration of information as a factor of generating semantically complicated sentences in colloquial speech

The article conducts a multidimensional study of two semantically condensed evaluation sentences specifi c for everyday colloquial speech: N1 – (это) Adv-o and Adv – (не) значит Adv. In colloquial speech, the subject of the conversation is most often not described, but evaluated by the participants of the social interaction, and this assessment, as a rule, does not need motivation.

Communication of Strangers

The article is dedicated to the research of the interaction of strangers in the oral informal communication.

Functional Semantic Field Aim in the Dialect and Colloquial Speech

Written on the material of Russian dialect and colloquial speech the article describes purely grammatical means of expressing the idea “aim”, such as introduced by the formal marker «–бы» subordinate clauses, the prepositional case and case forms. It shows common traits in the ways of rendering the same shades of the meaning «aim» expressed by different linguistic means. 

Family Lexicon (Important Everyday Object Nomination)

The article presents an observation on speech communication in families living in Saratov; it investigates the nomination of important everyday objects such as shops, chemist’s, shoe repair shops, etc, from the anthropocentric perspective.

Different Types of Precedent Phenomena in Cultural Linguistic Forms of Informal Communication (On the Example of the Russian Language)

This article analyzes the use of different types of precedent phenomena. The author examines special characteristics of precedent texts, precedent names, precedent utterances, precedent situations functioning in different cultural and linguistic forms of the Russian informal communication. The author also identifies social and cultural variability of the system of precedent phenomena in the consciousness and speech of the Russian speakers.

Different functions of precedent phenomena in Russian colloquial speech

This article analyzes different functions of precedent phenomena in various linguistic and cultural forms of Russian colloquial speech. The author considers special features of precedent units being used in nominative, ludic, persuasive and password functions in different types of communication.

On the problem of changing the norms of the modern Russian language

The Russian language of the second and third decades of the twentieth century is undergoing signifi cant changes. In the modern digital world, the media is losing its position as the most infl uential sphere of communication, giving way to social networks that are far from normative. The monitoring of the state of modern speech (colloquial, mass media, scientifi c, business, artistic) carried out by the authors of this article shows that a number of changes are taking place in it.