Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1817-7115 (Print)
ISSN 2541-898X (Online)


M. P. Shishkin’s image of Switzerland through the lens of the conceptual metaphor

The article studies the role that the conceptual metaphor plays in reconstructing the image of Switzerland. On the material of the literary and historic guidebook The Russian Switzerland by M. P. Shishkin the semantic and stylistic features of metaphors, which are peculiarly encoded definitions of the author’s conceptual meanings, are described. The goal of the paper is to identify the techniques of how the image of Switzerland is conceptualized in its Russian representation.

Structure and Semantics of Abbreviation

The theoretical aspects of word-formation are considered in the article. For the first time the
complex multiple-aspect investigation of abbreviation in the modern European languages has been carried out.

Verbal Sentence: Pragmatics vs. Semantics, Pragmatics vs. Grammar

The article discusses a Russian verbal sentence in terms of pragmatic strategies and their predictable
influence on grammatical and semantic structure of the sentence. Some noticed regularities
are being discussed. They are determined by vectors pragmatics – semantics and pragmatics – grammar in the verbal sentence’s field, which is being treated as a certain linguistic construct. Pragmatics
in the verbal sentence’s field manifests as variability of the content and form of the sentence.

Major Means of Expressing Positive Aesthetic Evaluation in «Le Roman de la Rose» by G. de Lorris and J. de Meung

The article considers linguistic means of positive aesthetic evaluation in the medieval allegorical French poem «Le Roman de la Rose». A range of linguistic contexts containing evaluative components are studied, specific axiological means and principles of contributing to the lexis of aesthetic evaluation are analyzed.

Semantic Features of Naming a Person by Family Ties in the Novel by I. Ilf and E. Petrov Twelve Chairs

The article deals with the issues of naming a person on the basis of family ties or connections in the text of a work of fiction. The authors consider notions of kinship and relationship, offer a semantic classification of antroponominants, give a typological description of the units denoting a person according to the degrees and lines of kinship.

Functioning of Arabisms in the Russian Speech (based on the Russian National Corpus texts)

The article focuses on the lexical units borrowed from the Arabian language. The Arabisms of the theme group of ‘Buildings, structures, construction materials’ are analyzed. The dictionary definitions of these words from the Arabian dictionary Al Muajam Al Waseet (2004) are compared to the definitions represented in the Arabian-Russian and Russian-Arabian dictionaries, in the dictionaries of foreign words of different authors.

The Semantic Potential of the Verb with a Broad Meaning ‘Do’ in Languages of Different Groups

The article specifies the semantic amount of the fundamental action verbs in the English, German, French, and Italian languages on the basis of the comparative approach ; the degree of their eurysemy is established.

The Semantics of the Elements of the Arabic Phraseological Field ‘Nutrition’ in the Conceptual Aspect

The article presents the semantic differentiation of the Arabic idioms with the words from the semantic field ‘nutrition’; the degree of phraseological units activity in the replenishment of different semantic spheres and fields is identified; the basic models of idiomatization are singled out as well as the role of conceptual, cultural and historical factors in this process.


The essence of the concept "word-forming metaphor" is disclosed in the article, the semantic potential of derivatives with metaphorical motivation is explored, the causes of derivational activity or inactivity of word-forming metaphors are revealed.

Window Locus and Its Functions in I. S. Turgenev’s Novels of the 1850–1870s

The article researches the locus of window, closely related to the situation of an emotional turning point, love trial or characters’ enlightenment in I. S. Turgenev’s works. This locus highlights the stages of the characters’ spiritual path and is polysemic, but such archaic and traditional meanings of the window as a border between the worlds and the sign of trial become relevant for Turgenev.