Scientific section. Literary criticism

E. Zola and F. Sologub: To the Issue of the Sources of Collisions and Techniques in the Novel by F. Sologub The Petty Demon

The object the article is to study the parallels between E. Zola’s novel La Curee and F. Sologub’s novel The Petty Demon. In the author’s opinion the similiarity of the plot collisions and techniques of depicting a person’s unity with the ‘environment’, which characterize the two novels’ poetics, is indicative of the unquestionable impact of the naturalist writer’s creative experience on Sologub’s seeking.

“Breaking Heart to the Time of Laughter”: Sentimental and Comic Image of the Blacks in American Literature and Culture of the 18th – the Beginning of the 20th Century

The paper considers the bipolar racial model representing African Americans in tragic and / or comic modality in American literature and culture (18th – the beginning of the 20th century). This model was formed in the 18th – beginning 19th century, continued to exist in American abolitionist writings, minstrelsy and plantation novel during the 19th century; having been absorbed by the Black American literary tradition, it underwent a considerable change especially in the Harlem Renaissance period.

N. V. Gogol and I. A. Krylov in 1830–1835

The article studies the history of N. V. Gogol and I. A. Krylov’s acquaintance in St. Petersburg. Based on a wide range of literary sources it is attempted to identify their relationship in 1830–1835.

P. I. Bartenev and P. V. Annenkov Working on the Materials for A. S. Pushkin’s Biography

The article discusses how Pushkin studies emerged in 1851–1855, their Moscow and St. Petersburg schools, P. I. Bartenev and P. V. Annenkov’s work on the materials for A. S. Pushkin’s biography. The article reveals the underpinning of the two Pushkin scholars’ creative ‘competition’ (Bartenev was ahead of Annenkov in publishing his scientific work and making O. S. Pavlischeva’s information about the poet public) in writing an ‘exemplary biography’ of Pushkin.

MELOIMASHINITSKAYA VERSION OF THE POETRICAL TEXT

The article is devoted to the analysis of the structural features of the poetic text of one of the most specific literary trends - melodrama. The aesthetics of the melodrama industry changes the ideas about the form and content of the poetic work.

 

CHEKHOV'S CHAIR "IN THE OBRAY" IN THE PERCEPTION OF THE WRITERS OF THE XX CENTURY

The article reviews the estimates of A.P. Chekhov "In the Ravine" writers of the twentieth century. (L. Tolstoy, M. Gorky, E. Zamyatin, V. Nabokov, I. Bunin, B. Zaitsev, K. Chukovsky, A. Solzhenitsyn). Writers are primarily interested in the artistic nature of the story, pay attention to the close and important features of poetics. As a result, the conclusion is drawn about the versatility of the story of A.P. Chekhov, as 

 

CONSCIOUSNESS AS "OPTICAL INSTRUMENT": ABOUT VISUAL ESTHETICS V. NABOKOVA

V. Nabokov's visual aesthetics is considered in the article as a reflection of the writer's philosophical indeterminism and is analyzed in the context of the optical experiments of the twentieth century art. A comparison is made of the visibility of Nabokov's prose with the aesthetics of photography.

 

CONSCIOUSNESS AS "OPTICAL INSTRUMENT": ABOUT VISUAL ESTHETICS V. NABOKOVA

V. Nabokov's visual aesthetics is considered in the article as a reflection of the writer's philosophical indeterminism and is analyzed in the context of the optical experiments of the twentieth century art. A comparison is made of the visibility of Nabokov's prose with the aesthetics of photography.

V.Ya. BRYUSOV IN SEARCH OF NEW ARTISTIC FORMS

In this article, symbolism as a whole is viewed as a logical manifestation of the evolution of world culture and, at the same time, as a unique direction of a new world view and its embodiment in new artistic forms. In the crisis era of the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. both Western and Russian symbolists fell into the epicenter of the struggle of dual spiritual morality. The fate and work of the famous Russian symbolist V.Ya. Bryusova - a vivid confirmation of this. "Borrowing" the basic principles of the aesthetics of Western symbolism, V.Ya.

ABOUT ONE OF THE SYMBOLIC ASPECTS OF THE MEDIEVAL NOVEL

The article deals with the symbolic meaning of the medieval novel and its genre nomination. The word "romanz" and the genre of the novel itself refers to Rome and the prestigious, legitimizing tradition, one way or another connected with Rome. in this sense, a medieval novel can be considered as a specific secular and literary analogy of the strategy of "empire transfer".

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