Scientific section. Literary criticism

Journalism and Journalists in A. P. Chekhov’s Stories

In A. P. Chekhov’s prose such characters as journalists, reporters, news reporters, newspaper readers, and newspaper contributions themselves are introduced. The type of Chekhov’s reporter is studied, whose stereotypical behavior and character become a specialty of a kind. With the transition from comic stories to the ‘dull stories’ of the characters, with the enhancement of the underlying message, the reporters with their single-line depiction disappear from Chekhov’s works.

“The Old Woman Was Knitting a Stocking and Was Looking Sidewaysat us Through Her Glasses…”: Women’s Handiwork of Old Age in I. S. Turgenev’s Oeuvre

The article discusses the description of old ladies and old women in the works of I. S. Turgenev, daily activities of these characters, and the needlework which accompanies the image of an elderly woman in the writer’s texts. The main task of the article is to show how frequently old women’s handiwork – knitting – occurs and to identify the contexts of its occurrence in Turgenev’s oeuvre

I. A. Kovanko’s Odes: Poetics in the Literary Context

The paper considers the peculiarities of I. A. Kovanko’s odes written at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. The reminiscences from G. R. Derzhavin’s and M. V. Lomonosov’s poetry are revealed. The article focuses on the influence of classicism and sentimentalism on Kovanko’s work and the synthesis of heterogeneous elements that trace back to the 18th century poets.

Lexical and Stylistic Peculiarities of the ‘Portrait – Interior – Landscape’ Trinity in Contemporary Russian Journalistic Narrative

The article deals with the lexical and stylistic peculiarities of expressing the ‘portrait-interior-landscape’ trinity as exemplified in the three journalistic narratives. The description of the interior and household items is complemented by portrait characteristics. Particular attention is paid to the role of the characters’ portraits in the structure of whole narrative, as well as to its connection with the physical setting and landscape descriptions.

Time Code in the Poems by Elena Shvarts

The article analyses the units of time code, shows the ways of their representation in the poems by Elena Shvarts. Special aspects of how this code functions in the author’s artistic world are considered. A correlation is established between the choice of a particular option of the time code and the poet’s artistic task.

Albert Maltz and the Russian Literature: Reception, Analysis, Criticism

The article analyses what Russian authors were on Albert Maltz’s reading list. In this regard special attention is paid to the correlation between Maltz’s aesthetic evaluations and political views, and the official line of the USA communist party guidelines in the field of art. Comprehensive examination of Maltz’s contacts with Soviet dissidents sheds the light on the dynamics of his attitude to social realism which was founded by M. Gorky.

The Peculiarities of the Historiographic Metafiction (Based on Julian Barnes’s Novel Arthur & George)

The paper analyses characteristic features of Julian Barnes’s historiographic metafiction Arthur & George. The author’s use of the ‘binary coding’ method is studied. The postmodern play that is expressed in deliberate blurring of the distinction between fiction and reality is noted. The article studies the narrative structure of the novel which reflects the postmodern postulate of the plurality of viewpoints.

Solzhenitsyn’s Switzerland

The article analyses the image of Switzerland on the material of the ‘sketches of exile’ Between Two Millstones, episodes of The Red Wheel and A. I. Solzhenitsyn’s opinion journalism. A. I. Solzhenitsyn went to Switzerland to collect the material for the chapters about Lenin. The author of the article shows Switzerland as a key point in A. I. Solzhenitsyn’s worldview geography, alongside France and Japan.

The Home and Hearth of the Russian Intellectuals and the Revolution in the Novels by M. Aldanov and B. Pasternak

The article shows the social and cultural content of the concept of the hearth on the eve of the Russian Revolution of the 1917. In the novels Suicide by M. Aldanov, Doctor Zhivago by B. Pasternak the hearth entails a complex of motives related to the premonition of the loss of the family well-being.

“A Theory of Art without the Art”: To the Question of the Place and Status of the Futurism Manifestos in the Cultural Space of the Epoch

The article analyses the status of mission statements in the sub-field of avant-garde art. The manifesto of futurism blurs the lines of the aesthetic theory and artistic practice. In the avant-garde discourse text and meta-text are located on one level, and the history of Saratov ‘psycho-futurism’ proves that.