Scientific section. Literary criticism

Creator’s Tasks and the Meaning of the Creative Act. Elena Shvartz vs Anna Gorenko

The article considers the features of the cultural dialogue of two generations – the 1970’s and 1990’s. The poems of E. Shvartz and A. Gorenko are analyzed, world-view and aesthetic attitudes that are key for the two generations are indicated. Also the paper reveals the difference in understanding the tasks of the creator and the purpose of the creative act.

The Motive of Madness in V. Nabokov’s Prose

The article analyzes the motive of madness in V. Nabokov’s prose. The role of this motive in the writer’s visual experiments is investigated. The portrayal of mental disorders is considered as an ‘estrangement’device, destroying the automaticity of perception.

The Problem of Distinguishing Versions and Cyclic Structures in O. Mandelstam’s Lyrics

The article is devoted to one of the difficult problems in the study of Mandelstam’s lyrics, namely the problem of distinguishing different versions and cyclic structures based on repetition and variations of poetic fragments. The author offers the criteria of distinction, analyzes several controversial cases, shows the importance of presenting different versions of text as a dynamic unity.

A Doll and Its Counterpart (The Story of a Barber Doll by A. V. Chayanov, 1918)

The paper considers the transformation and functioning of the plot about Pygmalion and Galatea in the story written by A. V. Chayanov. The story is a multidimensional play with myths (of Aphrodite, Medusa, Isis), and with the literary traditions represented by G. Casanova, J. W. Goethe, L. Tieck, E. T. A. Hoffmann, H. Heine, A. Blok, etc. The structural levels of the text are subject to the principle of mirror doubling. The well-known idea of O. Freidenberg that “the idea of a doll is parallel with the idea of a deity-actor-corpse” is manifested in A. V.

“Courage and Audacity…” (N. Ya. Abramovich about M. A. Lokchvitskaya)

The article discusses the critical responses of N. Ya. Abramovich devoted to the work of the brightest representative of the Russian female poetry of the 19–20th centuries, M. A. Lokhvitskaya. Deep and extraordinary assessments of the critic seem to be a significant milestone in the comprehension of her lyrics, and play a significant role in determining the place of the poetess in the literary space of the era.

V. P. Burenin’s Parodies in the Anti-Semitic Discourse of the Beginning of the 20th Century

The article explores V. P. Burenin’s parodies of plays and prose by Leonid Andreev in the first two decades of the 20th century. The article lays bare the mechanism of Burenin’s identifying literary modernism with the ‘corruption’ of the Russian language by Jewish Russian writers. The author of the article elucidates why the Russian writer Leonid Andreev is dethroned in Burenin’s parodies as a manifestation of ‘kikeness’ in the literature of the beginning of the century.

The Dream of the Mother of God Recorded by Boris Shergin

The article presents an unknown episode from the biography of the Russian writer, collector and performer of folk pieces, B. V. Shergin. Here is shown a variant of a spiritual poem The Dream of the Mother of God recorded by Shergin in his native Arkhangelsk province in 1917 and published in 1919 in the newspaper Vozrozhdeniye Severa (Revival of the North). The characteristic features of the poem’s composition and stylistic structure and its role in the writer’s establishment are considered.

The Hero of the Novel Notes from Underground by F. M. Dostoevsky as the Object of the View of Another

The article presents the results of studying F. M. Dostoevsky’s novel’s Notes from Underground from the point of view of researching the issue of another’s view in the writer’s creative oeuvre.The evidence obtained from the text analysis allows to single out some characteristic features of the visual behavior of the ‘underground man’, as well as to expand the interpretation of the novel.

The Motive of Fear in A. Slapovsky’s Novel Encoded, or The First Eight Chapters

The article analyzes the motive of fear in Aleksey Slapovsky’s novel Encoded. This motive permeates the whole novel and essentially becomes the key one for the plot development. The struggle with the subconscious fears of the character and of the author is considered. This struggle results in a multiple re-writing of the selfsame story.

To the Question of the Nature of Lyrical Creativity

The article attemps to sum up the results of the national theoretical reflection on the nature of the lyric. The author considers the question whether such characteristics as enhanced emotionality, musical sense, subjectivity, ingenuousness, traditionally attributed to the lyric, are its specific features.

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