Scientific section. Linguistics

Ornamental Elocution Means in the Military Discourse of the Russian Language of the Early 20th Century

The article is devoted to the classification of elocution means operating in the Russian military discourse of the 19th – early 20th century. The author reveals the classification criteria of the military elocution means, coming to the conclusion that the expressive tools play the leading role in enhancing the expressiveness of the military-specialized contexts.

Emotional and Evaluative Function of Metaphor in the Speech of French Soldiers During the First World War

The article explores the emotional and evaluative function of metaphor actualizing the military realia in the speech practices of French soldiers in the early twentieth century. The author shows that the use of metaphors in professional communication is largely conditioned by the current psychological and extra-linguistic context and by the connotative meaning of the linguistic sign as well.

Characteristics of Modern Contact between the French and English Languages

The article describes the features of the modern French language existence in the conditions of rivalry with the English language in the late 20th – early 21st centuries. There are both negative and positive prospects for the existence of the French language in France and in the world.

Polysemy vs. Homonymy: Associative Field Structure and Polysemy Structure

The article deals with the problem of distinguishing between polysemy and homonymy from the point of view of systemic (lexicographical) and psycholinguistic approaches to meaning. The existing methods of interpretation of verbal associations are revised in the light of different views on the representation of polysemy in the mental lexicon. The
author proposes the associative fields analysis method which aims to reveal the semantic structure of a polysemous word in language consciousness.

Feelings Through the Lens of the Container

The author attempts to prove that feelings are categorized on the model of the container, that they compose the crypto-class ‘Container’. Different types of classifiers are considered, as well as the usage of lexical units denoting feelings within them.

Features of Iran’s Image Formation in Modern Russian Media (Political Metaphor)

The article considers the specific character of Iran’s image being formed in the modern Russian media on the example of such newspapers as Argumenty i fakty (Arguments and Facts) and Izvestiya
(News). The author addresses the study of metaphorical patterns used in media texts, and concludes that the anthropomorphic and sociomorphic models are the most recurrent.

Social Media as a Tool of Modern Politics (The Case of D. Trump’s Twitter)

The article deals with the analysis of communication of a politician in the social network Twitter. The research is based on D. Trump’s microblog. The focus is on the means of interaction between the politician and the recipient, his self-presentation, and ways of shaping public opinion and reality.

Swabians Like Their Dialect (On the Example of Augsburg Dialect Words and Expressions)

The article presents cultural and linguistic comments to Stefan Gruber’s column Wortschätzle in an Augsburg newspaper StadtZeitung. The column often has a meta-linguistic slant. Swabian words and expressions,
defined by the author of the column in Standard German, are analyzed and translated.

A Paragraph of Fiction Prose as a Functional Speech Unit

Among some formal elements featuring a particular communicative significance of fiction prose paragraphs, the article distinguishes such syntactic and stylistic structures in the text of I. Murdoch’s novel An Unofficial Rose as interrogatory, negative, emphatic ones, as well as a specific use of deictic elements and conjunctions.

The Role of Tense Forms in Representing Doctor – Patient Relationships in the English Medical Text (Based on Scientific Articles)

This article deals with the specific use of tense forms in the modern medical text and focuses on their role in representing the doctor – patient relationships. The author comes to the conclusion that tense forms can be used in an uncharacteristic meaning even in the medical text, separating the doctor’s voice from that of the patient.