Scientific section. Linguistics

Analytical Philosophy of Language in the Context of Studying the Objective Language (Case Study of L. Wittgenstein’s Heritage)

The article deals with the philosophy of language, as well as the specific nature of its interdisciplinary role in the process of linguistic and philosophical research. The specific character of the functioning of the latter is presented in the context of the peculiarities of how the mentioned sciences function. The article focuses on the specific character of L. Wittgenstein’s heritage being actualized in linguistic and philosophical studies.

To the Question of Internal Inflection of the Roots in Arabic and Russian (Inflected Analysis of the Root Structure)

The article defines the regular elements participating in the internal flexion and establishing the rules by which the internal flexion is controlled in the Semitic and Indo-European languages, based on the structural-inflectional analysis of the Arabic and Russian roots. The authors identify the scientifically proved patterns with the prospect of forming the basis of a variety of typological works.

Structural Characteristics of Russian Graphic-Lexical Abbreviations

The article reveals the content of the term "graphic-lexical abbreviation" and its relationship with the lexical unit; considers the question of its correlation with the iconic signs of the diagram character; analyzes the possibility of its transition to the full linguistic sign. Graphic-lexical abbreviations accumulate properties of the lexical and graphic abbreviations which are manifested in the peculiarities of their formation and usage in writing and speaking. The graphic-lexical abbreviations may be drawn mainly from English.

Specific Nature of a Popular Science Text’s Expressiveness from the Point of View of Pragmalinguistics

The article studies how the expressiveness category is structured in a popular science text. Lexical, phraseological and syntactic stylistic means used in the novel in order to enhance expressiveness and reasoning are arranged as a field with the center and periphery.

Scientific Pictures of the World and Their Variants in the Russian Language

The article discusses the factors influencing the development of variability of scientific pictures of the world based on the material of science’ and humanities’ terminologies in the Russian language. The correlation of the concepts ‘naïve picture of the world’, ‘scientific picture of the world’, ‘professional picture of the world’, as well as the typology of variants of scientific pictures of the world are considered.

Manipulation in the American Political Discourse: The Linguo-Pragmatic Aspect

The article provides an analysis of manipulation in the American political discourse of 2015–2016. It is postulated that manipulation inherently belongs to the people’s speech and in particular to the speech of the politicians. In this respect, it is deemed to be wrong to study manipulation in an exclusively negative light. The focus of the research is the effect of the manipulatory impact and this interest is predetermined by the emphasis on the linguo-pragmatic aspects of communication.

To the Question of the Exactness of the Term (Based on the Germanic Linguistic Terminology in the Field of Dialectology)

The article considers the main issues of defining the exact term: factors facilitating the exactness and factors preventing the precise definition of the term. The author researches the main scientific methods used to specify the meaning of a term unit.

The Didactic Multifunctionality of Internationalisms in the Teaching Practice of Russian as a Foreign Language

The article deals with international lexis as a specific class of vocabulary that unifies the words referring to various international realities, which makes this class vital for teaching Russian as a foreign language. The authors analyze the specific features and the linguodidactic value of the class for the teaching methods of Russian for foreign students at different levels.

The Peculiarities of the Functioning of the Model Inf-Adv-o Sentences in Modern Business Communication

The article analyzes some peculiarities of how sentences of the model Inf-Adv-o function in modern business communication. Such sentences usually express teleological or normative evaluations of various social or mental actions. This is due to the subject-matter of business communication. The reverse order of the main members of the sentence (inversion) is more common in the spoken form of business communication.

To the Question of the Correlation of the Notions of a ‘Fashionable Word’ and a ‘Key Word of the Modern Times’

The aim of this article is to try to differentiate the notions of fashionable words and key words of the modern times. The comparative analysis of these linguistic phenomena is presented in this work. The author comes to the conclusion that fashionable words characterize the aesthetic tastes of society, have a bright outer shell, in the center of attention of native speakers are short time. The key words of the modern times depict values, cultural priorities or outlook of society of the given time and are able to influence the formation of the picture of the world for a personality.