Linguistics

Discourse on immigration in the USA: A comparative analysis of president’ Donald Trump’s speeches and articles in two american newspapers

The article is dedicated to the discourse analysis of the themes raised in the American media when reporting on immigrants. The study attempts to gain an understanding of the existing public attitudes towards refugees and the problem of immigration. We used a mixed research approach combining discourse analysis, framing analysis and corpus linguistics to examine 151 articles over the 12-month period of 2018.

The term and concept of ‘media’: The aspects of hermeneutics of research

The article presents the results of modeling the semantic processes taking place during the hermeneutic interpretation of the Russian term and concept of ‘media’. The paper examines the synonymous pair of the univerb ‘медиа’ (‘media’) and generating word-combination ‘средства массовой информации’ (‘means of mass information’). As a result of semantic condensation, the components ‘information’ and ‘masses’ lose their original semantics, and the ‘intermediary’ component acts as the dominant one.

The poetic picture of the world of Sophia de Mello: Cognitive strategy and organizing principles

The article examines the cognitive strategy chosen by the Portuguese poet Sophia de Mello (1919–2004). The poems are analyzed according to the criteria of a harmonious/disharmonious perception of the world, the predominance of objective/subjective point of view, as well as from the point of view of performing an orienting function or creating the effect of disorientation.

Modeling the content and structure of the concept persistence in the russian language consciousness

The article considers the representation of the concept persistence in the Russian language consciousness. On the basis of the associative experiment, the author describes the field organization of the concept persistence in accordance with the core and peripheries and models the structure of this concept by distributing cognitive characteristics among the sensitive-figurative, information and interpretative fields.

Some approaches to the study of the semantics of the French preposition à

The article examines some approaches to the semantics of the French preposition à, more specifically its spatial meaning. The researches of the main French linguists which focus on the semantics of the prepositions, including the preposition à, were analysed as a theoretical basis (cognitive approach).

Food Tradition in the Folk Speech Culture: Products, Dishes, Drinks (On the Example of Vologda Dialects)

This article analyzes food tradition in the folk speech culture based on the material of Vologda dialects. The article examines one of the main elements of the food tradition – the names of food items, dishes and drinks. The research is carried out by means of the thematic classification of units: the composition of the thematic group and the functioning of units in speech are analyzed.

Different Types of Precedent Phenomena in Cultural Linguistic Forms of Informal Communication (On the Example of the Russian Language)

This article analyzes the use of different types of precedent phenomena. The author examines special characteristics of precedent texts, precedent names, precedent utterances, precedent situations functioning in different cultural and linguistic forms of the Russian informal communication. The author also identifies social and cultural variability of the system of precedent phenomena in the consciousness and speech of the Russian speakers.

Means of Expressing Incivility in Speech Behavior of the Company Staff Members (As Exemplified in the US Serial The Office)

The article explores lexical, grammatical and stylistic means of expressing incivility in speech behavior of the company staff members. A range of linguistic and intonation means of expressing intentional and unintentional incivility is analyzed. It is revealed how impolite speech behavior can be gender-specific. The research is carried out on the example of stylized American English business communication.

How Gender Affects the Use of Organizational Discourse Markers in Popular-Science Discourse (Based on TED talks)

The article deals with the use of English organizational discourse markers which provide compositional and logical cohesion and integrity of the narration in spoken popular-science genre of TED talks. It is proved that on the level of speech organization male and female speakers using discourse markers demonstrate more similarities than differences.

Specific Characteristics of English Borrowingsin German and Spanish

The article studies the process of borrowing, adaptation and functioning of English vocabulary in national dialects of German and Spanish. The positive and negative factors of the English borrowings influencing these languages are examined.

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