Scientific section. Linguistics

Communicative risks in the dyad ‘doctor – patient’

The article deals with the doctor’s communicative behavior and professional risks arising in the process of doctor – patient verbal communication. Obedience of linguistic and communicative norms proves to be the most essential factor in preventing a professionally ‘risky’ doctor – patient communication. In the process of investigation, speech tactics of doctor – patient communication, which can prevent possible professional risks, have been established.

Color as a religious semiotic code and the language means of its expression in the works of M. A. Bulgakov and O. Bоkeev

By means of an intertextual analysis the article considers color as a semiotic code along with its perception by Turkic and Slavic peoples. The subjects of the study are M. Bulgakov’s novel The Master and Margarita and O. Bokeev’s story The Trace of Lightning and its original text in Kazakh.

Antithesis as a structural and semantic principle of organizing a poetic text (Based on the poetry of Anna Akhmatova)

The article explores antithesis as the main structural and semantic principle of organizing the poetic context, focusing on the structural features and semantic content of antithesis in the poetic works of Anna Akhmatova. The article presents temporal, spatial, subjective, abstract antitheses and their implementation in various syntactic constructions of poetic text.

Poetic discourse as a derivative of pictorial representation

The article considers the directed interaction of different-code semiotic systems – verbal and pictorial (iconic), where the pictorial semiotic system is primary and is the basis for the secondary verbal system – poetic texts. It is argued that the phenomenon of poetic ‘translation’ and verbal actualization of painting is created while preserving a common cultural and moral code for both systems.

Ambysemy and eurisemy as phenomena in term semantic structure (Based on English IT-terminology)

The article investigates such semantic phenomena as ambisemy and eurisemy, and how they are implemented in definitions of English IT-terms and lexical meanings of those determinologised lexical units. The research data is based on both English professional dictionaries and general English online dictionaries.

Conceptual domain CRIMINAL ACTIVITY as a source of metaphorisation in biological popular-science English discourse

The purpose of the article is to examine the conceptual domain CRIMINAL ACTIVITY, which happens to be one of the most productive source domains in structuring biological popular science discourse in English. The analysis of this metaphorical model makes it possible to draw valid conclusions regarding some special features of how the source domain CRIME functions in the given type of discourse.

Variants of the legal picture of the world in the English language

The article deals with different variants of the legal picture of the world emerging in the literary English language and its sociolects (terminology and jargon). The analysis shows that the diversity of the linguistic legal picture depends on the social and functional stratification of the language and various extra-linguistic factors.

Different functions of precedent phenomena in Russian colloquial speech

This article analyzes different functions of precedent phenomena in various linguistic and cultural forms of Russian colloquial speech. The author considers special features of precedent units being used in nominative, ludic, persuasive and password functions in different types of communication.

Names of kitchen utensils as elements of the food tradition (Based on the Vologda dialects)

The article considers the names of kitchen utensils as elements of the food tradition in the Vologda dialects. Different lexical dialect units that constitute a part of the thematic group “Kitchen utensils” are studied in this article. The meanings of these units and their functioning in speech are also analyzed.

Actualization of linguistic and cultural codes in dialect discourse

The article considers special features of actualizing linguistic and cultural codes in a dialect discourse on the material of two subcorpora of the Saratov dialectological corpus (the dialect of the village of Belogornoye and the dialect of the village of Zemlyanye Khutora). Verbalization methods of traditional, Soviet and cultural codes, as well as possibilities of their interaction and simultaneous implementation in the speech of dialect speakers are shown.

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