Scientific section. Linguistics

The Adverbial Complicators as Modifiers of a Sentence

The article analyzes the factors of attributing a syntaxeme to the class of sentence modifiers (determinants). Such factors include the semantic relevance to the whole sentence, the ability to be a component of various semantic models and structural schemes of sentences, the ability to potential predicativity, the ability to realize the values of conditionality.

Different Kinds of Compound Word Formation in Clinical Terminology

The present paper explores the properties of compounding as a means of word formation in clinical terminology. The main varieties of this kind of compound word formation are described on the material of the Russian clinical terms.

The Effect of the Scientific and Popular Science Discourse on the Basic Cognitive Level

The article focuses on lexical units with the meaning of physical perception that presumably are able to produce a certain effect on the recipient of the information, and on their special feature of functioning in the scientific and popular science discourse. The most numerous units belong to the group of visual perception; the units unconnected with a specific channel of perception are also popular.

The Russian Language on the Internet: The Lurkoyaz Phenomenon

The article provides an overview of lurkoyaz’s functioning characteristics as a specific Internet language. It demonstrates the main genre characteristics of Lurkomorye as an Internet encyclopedia. The article describes how irony and humor are created by means of ludems on different lurkoyaz language levels. Specific features of such lurkoyaz language play units as liturativ, errativ, onomatopea, nonce formation are identified.

IT-Nomens and Their Function in Mass Media (Based on Some English and Russian Languages Data)

The article studies the function of IT-nomens in mass-media. Differentiation of terms and nomens is of the outmost importance in the study of terminology in general and IT-terminology in particular. Mutual intervention of various aspects of social activity also causes the exchange of their terminological units.

Ornamental Elocution Means in the Military Discourse of the Russian Language of the Early 20th Century

The article is devoted to the classification of elocution means operating in the Russian military discourse of the 19th – early 20th century. The author reveals the classification criteria of the military elocution means, coming to the conclusion that the expressive tools play the leading role in enhancing the expressiveness of the military-specialized contexts.

Emotional and Evaluative Function of Metaphor in the Speech of French Soldiers During the First World War

The article explores the emotional and evaluative function of metaphor actualizing the military realia in the speech practices of French soldiers in the early twentieth century. The author shows that the use of metaphors in professional communication is largely conditioned by the current psychological and extra-linguistic context and by the connotative meaning of the linguistic sign as well.

Characteristics of Modern Contact between the French and English Languages

The article describes the features of the modern French language existence in the conditions of rivalry with the English language in the late 20th – early 21st centuries. There are both negative and positive prospects for the existence of the French language in France and in the world.

Polysemy vs. Homonymy: Associative Field Structure and Polysemy Structure

The article deals with the problem of distinguishing between polysemy and homonymy from the point of view of systemic (lexicographical) and psycholinguistic approaches to meaning. The existing methods of interpretation of verbal associations are revised in the light of different views on the representation of polysemy in the mental lexicon. The
author proposes the associative fields analysis method which aims to reveal the semantic structure of a polysemous word in language consciousness.

Feelings Through the Lens of the Container

The author attempts to prove that feelings are categorized on the model of the container, that they compose the crypto-class ‘Container’. Different types of classifiers are considered, as well as the usage of lexical units denoting feelings within them.