Cite this article as:

Alexeyev A. B. The peculiarities of the oppositional political discourse of Ugandan politician Bobi Wine. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philology. Journalism, 2022, vol. 22, iss. 2, pp. 164-170. DOI:

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

The peculiarities of the oppositional political discourse of Ugandan politician Bobi Wine

The article analyzes the political discourse of one of the most infl uential Ugandan opposition politicians, Bobi Wine, who is famous for his scathing criticism of Ioweri Museveni’s regime, existing since 1986. Bobi Wine, who offi cially started his political career in 2017, the year when he was elected in the Ugandan parliament, actually does not recognize the legitimacy of the rule of his ideological enemy. In the country the political myth is created according to which the opposition, and not Yoweri Musevini, won the presidential elections of 2021. Yoweri Museveni just used mass rigging of votes to ensure his victory. The research is carried out on the basis of interviews given by the oppositional politician in the years of 2017–2021. Its urgency is explained by the necessity to study non-systemic political discourse, including the one that belongs to poor, developing countries living not in democracy but in the conditions of harsh authoritarianism. The main method of the research is critical discourse analysis developed mainly by T. van Dejk, N. Fairclough, R. Wodak and based on the fundamental neo-Marxist and Foucauldian principles. It has been found out that the Ugandan oppositional political discourse is characterized by the accentuation of such oppositions as ‘the young generation vs. the older generation’, ‘people – authorities’. It is also marked by some degree of pathos, the belief in utopian visions and political myths as well as fi gurativeness. Bobi Wine emphasizes that he represents the Ugandan ghetto and, unlike his rival, he is young. Hence, he can understand the hopes of most Ugandan people who are tired of the many-years rule of the permanent leader of Uganda as well as the corruption fl ourishing in Uganda. In the speeches of the politician, the need for changes is explained. The stress is made on the fact that opposition does not have fear of the future while Yoweri Musevini, on the contrary, is portrayed as a person who has lost the sense of reality, and is, most of all, afraid of losing power.


1. Shawqi K. Manipulation of meaning in political discourse. URL: (дата обращения: 16.12.2016).

2. Кто сегодня делает философию в России : в 2 т. / сост. А. С. Нилогова. М. : Поколение, 2007. Т. 1. 576 с.

3. Бушин В. С. Неизвестный Солженицын. М. : Алгоритм, 2006. 448 с.

4. Ван Дейк Т. Дискурс и власть : Репрезентация доминирования в языке и коммуникации : пер. с англ. М. : Книжный дом «ЛИБРОКОМ», 2013. 344 с.

5. Marx K. Thesen über Feuerbach. URL: (дата обращения: 22.06.2021).

6. Шейгал Е. И. Семиотика политического дискурса. М. : Гнозис, 2004. 326 с.

7. Foucault M. The History of Sexuality: An Introduction. Hammonsworth : Penguin, 1978. 168 p.

8. Копнина Г. А. Речевое сопротивление навешиванию политических ярлыков как способ защиты в информационно-психологической войне // Филологические науки. Вопросы теории и практики. 2020. Т. 13, вып. 11. С. 248–253. lnauki.2020.11.52

9. Locher M. Power and Politeness in Action. Disagreements in Oral Communication. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter, 2004. 385 p.

10. Зайцев А. В. Лингвополитология vs политическая лингвистика : возможен ли диалог? // Litera. 2012. № 1. С. 25–81.

11. Fairclough N. Language and Power. London : Longman Group, 1989. 259 p.

12. Стырина Е. В., Мартиросян А. А. Элементы фикциональности в медиатекстах : столкновение реального и вымышленного // Вестник Новосибирского государственного университета. Серия : Лингвистика и межкультурная коммуникация. 2021. Т. 19, № 1. С. 92–105.

13. Булгакова А. А. Создавая новый мир : принципы трансмедийного сторителлинга в новостном дискурсе о пандемии COVID-19 // Актуальные вопросы современной филологии и журналистики. 2021. № 3 (42). С. 82–90.

14. Равочкин Н. Н. Языковые игры в сфере политики и права : аналитические философы vs постмодернисты // Вестник Московского государственного педагогического университета. Серия : Философские науки. 2020. № 2. С. 46–53.

Full Text (PDF): 

Generator XML for DOAJ