Scientific section. Literary criticism

To the Issue of M. E. Saltykov’s Circle in Tver: Natalya Sergeevna Rzhevskaya

The article raises the question of whether the people from M. E. Saltykov’s circle in his provincial periods of life should be noticed. N. S. Rzhevskaya, a talented singer and composer, a friend of Saltykov in his Tver and later Ryazan periods, was one of them; her relationships with the writer were based on trust.

The Work of J.-B. Almeida Garrett: the Portuguese Nation’s Self-identification Crisis and an Attempt to Overcome It

The present article analyzes J.-B. Almeida Garrett’s work as an attempt to create a Portuguese national myth. The author points out that the writer, criticizing the present he lives in, tries to revive the past by the means of the country’s history and national folklore where he finds irreproachable examples to be followed.

Unidentified Varravin. To the Poetics of A. V. Sukhovo-Kobylin’s Characters

The article regards the character of General Varravin – the main and only character moving the scheme forward in the drama «The Case» by A. V. Sukhovo-Kobylin. The ambiguity and inconsistency of this character are specifically highlighted.

Childhood in the «Memoires» by Mlle De Montpensier

The article considers Mlle de Montpensier’s approach to depicting childhood on the materials of her «Memoires». The viewpoint of the memoire writer is analyzed as compared to the image of the protagonist; the significance of the ‘childhood’ piece in the context of the whole book is determined.

A Word about the Author

The experience of a dictionary entry ‘Author’ offered here provides essential help in mastering the course of “Introduction into Literary Studies” and deals with the meanings of one of the key notions of philology. Some general ideas are presented: of the author as a biographic individual, of the author as the creator of a literary text, of the implicit author, and of the two approaches outlined in the XX century to the issue of the reader and author relationship.

Yury Buida’s novel «Thief, Spy, and Murderer»: Between an Autobiography and Fiction

The article addresses the peculiarities of Yu. Buida’s autobiographical novel «Thief, Spy, and Murderer». The author arrives at the conclusion that the genre of this novel synthesizes the features of an autobiography, memoirs, artistic commentaries, thus becoming a kind of an artistic prism through which the main regularities of Buida’s artistic world are refracted.

Antique Tradition in the «Cold Odes» by M. Amelin

The article dwells upon the antiquity as one of the most important components M. Amelin’s poetry. The Russian contemporary poet and well-known interpreter of Pindar’s and Catullus’s poems, Maxim Amelin is known for his passion for the classical culture which as well as the Russian verse tradition of the XVIII century is a basis of his creative work. The article analyses the specifics of the poetic theory and practice of Horace in the first Amelin’s book «Cold Odes».

The Motive of Fate in the Late Prose by Ch. T. Aitmatov

The article consistently traces the actualization of the fate motive in four novels by Ch. T. Aitmatov; his semantic key points are analyzed in each work and the evolution of this text element is revealed.

The City and the Visionaries in the Works by P. Ackroyd

This article explores the image of London in the works of London artist-visionaries – the subjects of Peter Ackroyd’s biographies. The goal is to trace the evolution of the city image in the course of the English literature development from XIV th to XXth centuries.

The «First Moscow Notebook» and the Issue of the Great Form in Mandelstam’s Poetry of the 1930s

The article deals with the issues of cyclization in Mandelstam’s poetry of the beginning of the 1930s, based on the materials of the «First Moscow notebook». The object of study is the hierarchy of different types of lyrical entities and some tendencies in the formation of the book of poems in the late works of Mandelstam.