Scientific section. Literary criticism

Biographical t ext in Literature and Cinema: ‘A Room and a h alf’ of J. Brodsky and A. Khrzhanovsky

The article considers the techniques of translating a biographical text into the language of the cinema which have been used by the director A. Khrzhanovsky in the film A Room and a Half. Visual and textual quotes from the poet’s essays, interviews and poems have been analyzed, as well as the contemporaries’ reminiscences.

Montage in the Novel by E. Bowen Eva Trout or Changing Scenes

The article considers montage as a major means of developing compositional text structure in the novel by an Irish-English writer E. Bowen (1899–1973) Eva Trout or Changing Scenes. Isolated instances of montage are analyzed as well as its meaning on the scale of the whole novel.

Language of Life in A. I. Solzhenitsyn’s Novel Cancer Ward

The article offers the analysis of the language of Cancer Ward novel as a significant component of the writer’s creative method, which was formed in the 1950–1960s. The article considers ways of ‘recreating’ the ideologically colored word in Solzhenitsyn’s prose.

Humour and Horror in Fantomas Novel Cycle by P. Souvestre and M. Allain

The article deals with the interaction of humourous and frenetic motives in Fantomas novel cycle by Pierre Souvestre and Marcel Allain (1911–1913). It shows how the book reflects, on the one hand, a certain predilection of the ‘belle époque’ for a demonstration of repulsive aspects of death and, on the other, the influence of Grand Guignol theatre aesthetics. Fantomas novels are thus juxtaposed with Gaston Leroux’s prose.

The Image of the Sky in Siberian Stories and Essays of V. G. Korolenko

The article considers the image of the sky as a key element of the verbal landscape of V. G. Korolenko’s Siberian cycle of stories and essays. Its main functional features defining plot and compositional integrity of the works, folk-mythological origins of components of the figurative system of landscape paintings and artistic potential of ‘celestial’ symbols are identified.

Medical Motives in the Early Stories by A. P. Chekhov as a Reflection of his Medical Practice

The article presents a systematic analysis of A. P. Chekhov’s early stories (1880–1884) in which the topic of medicine in the contemporary society is featured, as well as the images of doctors and patients, motives of illness and treatment. It is shown how Chekhov’s personal experience as a general practitioner influenced the problem range and poetics of the stories with this topic. Their genre and idea evolution has been traced in the author’s movement towards maturity.

To the Problem of Literary Critical Method of K. N. Leontiev

The article touches upon the socio-political views of K. N. Leontiev in their interrelation; it is shown how the viewpoint of the researcher is reflected in the modern literary criticism. It is pointed out that modern research literature does not have a consistent theory of the text interpretation method.

On the Pedagogical Views and Beliefs of A. K. Sheller-Mikhailov

Ever inclined to teach and preach in literature as well as in life, this famous Russian writer of the 1860-1890s A. K. Sheller-Mikhailov in his fiction and scientific journalism works increasingly focused on the issues of labor and moral education, on the personality formation; he was invariably concerned about crucial problems of pedagogic ethics, about the relationships between school-masters and their charges.

To the Story of Anna Karenina. Parody as a Precedent Text

It is generally known that the novel of Leo Tolstoy Anna Karenina is connected with the unfinished work of Mikhail Saltykov Blagonamerennaya povest’ (The loyal story), which was dedicated to the criticism of ‘natural’ motivation of human’s social life. However, already in 1863 Saltykov published a text which looked like a parody of a typical Leo Tolstoy hero portrait and like a precedent text with regard to the portrait of Anna Karenina.

The Border between Reality and Fantasy in the Works of N. V. Gogol and V. I. Dal

The article highlights the ways of more detailed comparison of the dual reality motif in the creative systems of Nikolay Gogol and Vladimir Dal. The key conclusions are made on the basis of the plot line and composition peculiarities of the texts, folklore symbolism and parallel review of the characters.