Scientific section. Linguistics

Semantic Field «Food» as a Means of Russian Idiom Formation

The article analyzes Russian idioms comprising the members of the semantic field «Food». The frequency of occurrence of different field members is identified as a source of idiom formation. The role of these idioms in representing the Russian linguistic picture of the world is determined.

Allusive Background of the Text Paradigms of Meaning in the Novel «Budda’s Return» by G. I. Gazdanov

The article describes textual functions of the key allusions to the Buddist philosophy on the example of the novel «Budda’s Return» by G. I. Gazdanov. These allusions are enhanced by foregrounding interword textual paradigms of meaning (like synonyms, antonyms, species and genus combinations, periphrases, associative and thematic convergence).

Evaluative and Symbolic View of the Opposition ‘Deep – Superficial’

The article presents the results of the semantic research of the axiological binary opposition of the Russian language ‘deep – superficial’; some peculiarities of its components’ symbolization are described. Based on the language material the idea is propounded that the opposition components under research reflect the phenomena of the physical, sensuous sphere, and are also employed in denoting the epistemological sphere in the Russian language.

«No Answer» as an Indicator of the Word Acquisition Degree in Associative Fields

The article studies the interdependence between «no answers» and the process of lexicon formation during school age, based on associative dictionary data.

Specific Characteristics of Word-formation in Canadianisms as a Result of Language Interference (on the Materials of Dictionaries)

The article studies linguistic factors facilitating the formation of canadianisms; the latter emerge due to the bilingualism on the territory of Canada, and they are the result of the language interference. The paper presents the definition of the term «canadianism» and analyses the peculiarities of universal word-formation processes involved in creating these specific lexical units.

To the Issue of the Aspectual Category of Telicity/Atelicity in French (on the Material of the Verbs of Movement)

The article deals with the universal category of telicity/atelicity of verbal activity and with the classification of the French verbs of movement. The category of direction and the concept of perspective are the main semantic features indicating telicity/atelicity of a verb of movement.

Syntactic Signs of the Typical Proposition «the State of Nature Manifested by the Movement of Objects» in the Russian Language

The article describes different sentences with the meaning «the state of nature manifested by the movement of objects» from two perspectives: structural (the structural schemes of the simple sentences are analyzed as signs of the typical proposition) and semantic (utterances are classified on the ground of the differences in the meanings).

On the Names of Grain and Milk Dishes in Some Modern Dialects of Ryazan Region

The article deals with the description of one of the fragments of the food stock-list in the dialects of Sarajevo district of Ryazan region. The research presents a linguistic description of the names of grain and milk dishes. This work continues the studies of Ryazan dialects, the materials of which provide an important source for researching the development of lexical dialect system.

Condolences: a Linguistic Perspective (on the Material of the German language)

The article deals with a specific type of etiquette statements – condolences. The first part analyzes the pragmatic conditions for making the relevant speech acts, then the author covers the language operators which generate and modify the sense elements of condolences. The paper concludes with a view on indirect ways of expressing condolences.

Images of Russia and the USA as the Realization of a Communicative Category «Friend or Foe» in the Russian Press

This paper deals with the analysis of speech means of creating the images of Russia and the USA within the opposition framework «friend or foe» in the Russian press. In the opposition press the author distinguishes ideologemes that create the image of a «friendly» and «hostile» country.