Scientific section. Linguistics

Nominations of Animals Characterized by Childishness, Immaturity, in the Don Cossack Dialects

The article considers nominations of cubs of wild and domesticated animals and birds in Don Cossack dialects, generating word-stems and the peculiarities of such nominations’ word-formation are determined.

Lexostory as a Form of Providing Illustrative Material in a Dialect Dictionary

The article considers relevant issues of modern lexicography concerning the choice of the structural organization of acquittals. The advantages of such form of illustration delivery as a lexostory are shown on specific lexicographic material, and the principles of singling it out in a macro-tale of a dialect speaker are defined.

The Idiom as a Way of Representing the Linguistic Picture of the World (on the Material of the Arab Phraseological Units with the Component «Hat»)

The article analyzes Arabic idioms with the nominations of headwear. The structure and semantics of the members of this group are identified. The role of these idioms in representing the linguistic picture of the world of Arab ethnicity is determined.

Semantic Field «Food» as a Means of Russian Idiom Formation

The article analyzes Russian idioms comprising the members of the semantic field «Food». The frequency of occurrence of different field members is identified as a source of idiom formation. The role of these idioms in representing the Russian linguistic picture of the world is determined.

Allusive Background of the Text Paradigms of Meaning in the Novel «Budda’s Return» by G. I. Gazdanov

The article describes textual functions of the key allusions to the Buddist philosophy on the example of the novel «Budda’s Return» by G. I. Gazdanov. These allusions are enhanced by foregrounding interword textual paradigms of meaning (like synonyms, antonyms, species and genus combinations, periphrases, associative and thematic convergence).

Evaluative and Symbolic View of the Opposition ‘Deep – Superficial’

The article presents the results of the semantic research of the axiological binary opposition of the Russian language ‘deep – superficial’; some peculiarities of its components’ symbolization are described. Based on the language material the idea is propounded that the opposition components under research reflect the phenomena of the physical, sensuous sphere, and are also employed in denoting the epistemological sphere in the Russian language.

«No Answer» as an Indicator of the Word Acquisition Degree in Associative Fields

The article studies the interdependence between «no answers» and the process of lexicon formation during school age, based on associative dictionary data.

Specific Characteristics of Word-formation in Canadianisms as a Result of Language Interference (on the Materials of Dictionaries)

The article studies linguistic factors facilitating the formation of canadianisms; the latter emerge due to the bilingualism on the territory of Canada, and they are the result of the language interference. The paper presents the definition of the term «canadianism» and analyses the peculiarities of universal word-formation processes involved in creating these specific lexical units.

To the Issue of the Aspectual Category of Telicity/Atelicity in French (on the Material of the Verbs of Movement)

The article deals with the universal category of telicity/atelicity of verbal activity and with the classification of the French verbs of movement. The category of direction and the concept of perspective are the main semantic features indicating telicity/atelicity of a verb of movement.

Syntactic Signs of the Typical Proposition «the State of Nature Manifested by the Movement of Objects» in the Russian Language

The article describes different sentences with the meaning «the state of nature manifested by the movement of objects» from two perspectives: structural (the structural schemes of the simple sentences are analyzed as signs of the typical proposition) and semantic (utterances are classified on the ground of the differences in the meanings).