Scientific section. Linguistics

Archaisms of the French Language in Canada

The article discusses archaisms in the French language of Canada. Being isolated from the French of France Canadian variant of French has undergone its development and has retained those lexical units and meanings which the French language of France has lost.

The Reflection of Emotions in Sound (Instrumental Methods in Phonoscopic Examination)

The article represents an experimental projective study of the emotional component of the sounding speech. This study was done with the help of instrumental methods. Authentic material with the specified parameters is being analyzed by using the program of the sounding speech marking «Praat» and phonosemantic analysis program «Zvukotsvet». The results can be used for the forensic phonoscopic examination of speech.

Complex Mental Image as an Illustrative Communicative Structure in a Multicultural Fictional Space

The article is devoted to the analysis of the complex mental image formation, to the identification of its structure, and the text key points creating this image. Complex mental image is considered as illustrative material that helps comprehend the ethnic meanings of one or another precedent phenomenon more thoroughly. Special attention is given to the author’s communication with the reader and to the complex mental image as a textual means through which this communication can be carried out.

Peculiarities of the Transformation of Sentences

The article is dedicated to the examination of the transformation peculiarities of sentences with adverbial complicators. The author proposes a typology of transformation models, analyzes the difficulties that the researcher may face while conducting the research.

Intentional Semantic Shift in the Sphere of Gradability Category (Adjectives and Adverbs)

The article considers instances of intentional semantic shift of nongradability – gradability in adjectives and adverbs, when adjectives and adverbs naming non-gradable characteristics are intentionally used with degree indices or intensifiers in order to create a new meaning.

National Culture as a Factor of Forming Linguistic and Conceptual Pictures of the World (on the Example of Scientific World Picture in Jurisprudence)

The article deals with one of the disputable issues of cognitive linguistics – the possibility of national culture manifestation in the scientific legal picture of the world. On the analysis of different terminological research works the author proves that national culture may be inherent in many scientific world pictures (technical, natural, and humanitarian).

Language Representation of Value Preferences of the Uralian People on the Data of the Local Press

The article presents an attempt of a linguoaxiological interpretation of the value preferences the Uralian people. The analysis focuses on the materials of the newspaper Gorodskiye vesti (City news) the target audience of which are the citizens of Revda in Sverdlovsk region. The authors reveal axiological constants of the sociocentric mentality and linguistic means of their representation.

A Semiotic Approach to the Analysis of the Creolized Texts Regarding the Identification of the Extremist Tenor

The article proves that the semiotic approach is effective in being
applied to the analysis of the texts containing signs of different origin;
it is as useful in holding expert research of material in order to identify
extremist meanings.

The Peculiarity of Applying a Thematic Frame to the Study of Similes in V. Nabokov’s English Novels (on the Material of the Novels Look at the Harlequins! and The Real Life of Sebastian Knight)

The article considers the attempt to apply one of the decoding stylistic techniques, namely the technique of drawing a thematic frame, to the research of similes and to the identification of the main themes and motives of the two English-language novels by V. Nabokov.

The Prospective Function of Spatial Meanings in the Organization of a Fiction Narrative

The article studies the prospection of the contexts with spatial semantics. Analyzing the initial parts of A. P. Chekhov’s stories in order to identify their probable prospection the author determines the principles of how the spatial contexts of the beginnings correlate with the structure of the whole narrative.