Scientific section. Linguistics

Linguistic Parameters of the Strategy of Legitimizing the European Union and Delegitimizing B. al-Assad in the British Political Discourse

The article carries out the analysis of the linguistic means involved in the realization of the strategy of legitimizing the European Union/ Great Britain and the strategy of delegitimizing the Syrian President B. al-Assad on the materials of the British politicians’ talks on the topic of the Syrian military conflict and the international suppression of terrorism.

Frequently Used Color Adjectives in Modern French and Russian Printed Media

The article considers a comparative usage of French and Russian color adjectives in modern printed media. The author finds out common features and differences on the semantic, lexical and syntactic levels. The interdependence between the components of the phraseological units of color adjectives is identified.

Peculiarities of Using Grammatical Homonyms Proper ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fall) – Imperfective Aspect – and ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fly Over) – Perfective Aspect

The article regards the peculiarities of the contextual actualization of grammatical aspect homonyms proper ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fall) – Imperfective Aspect – and ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fly Over) – Perfective Aspect and the content of their homonymic and non-homonymic word-forms.

Contrastive Analysis of the Term Metonymy in the Sphere of Fixation (on the Material of the Russian and German Languages)

The article considers definitions of the term metonymy as a part of the term system of means of stylistic expressiveness on the material of the German and Russian languages. The present research focuses on the necessity of using linguistic methods of describing this section of rhetoric. The author suggests describing the term of this section of rhetoric as a unit of logos. The method of lexical and notional groups is chosen as a way of description.

The Semantic Potential of the Verb with a Broad Meaning ‘Do’ in Languages of Different Groups

The article specifies the semantic amount of the fundamental action verbs in the English, German, French, and Italian languages on the basis of the comparative approach ; the degree of their eurysemy is established.

The Peculiarities of Modality Realization in Utterances with Adverbial Complicators

The article is dedicated to the examination of the peculiarities of modality realization in utterances with adverbial complicators. The author considers different types of modality, analyzes the instances of polymodality.

Ways of Presenting Knowledge (the Experience of the XIXth Century Scientists)

The author compares signature peculiarities of the scientific discourse texts of the prominent XIXth century scientists Ch. Darwin and H. Spenser from the perspective of pragmatics and ways of knowledge presentation. The main aspects of comparison are text organization, mental presentations and the style of narration.

Financial and Economic Metaphors in the English Slang

The article considers the models of forming metaphorical shifts in slang on the basis of the ‘Property and Exchange Relationships’ semantic field in the modern English language (its American variant). Target areas are revealed and analyzed from the statistical and cognitive perspectives.

Variability in Meaning of the Precedent Biblical text about Adam and Eve (on the Material of American English)

The article touches upon the topic of variability in the meaning of the precedent Biblical text about Adam and Eve in the discourse of the speakers of American English. Basic features of precedent phenomena are highlighted in comparison with idiomatic units and the conclusion is drawn on the absence of a fixed usual meaning of precedent phenomena.