Scientific section. Linguistics

Age Dynamics of the Distribution of Grammatical Word Classes in an Individual Lexicon

The article considers the distribution of grammatical classes in age
dynamics on the material of the individual lexicon of a pupil.

Linguo-Philosophical Reflection as a Result of a Long-term Speech Monitoring Survey

The article presents the author’s reflection generated by the results of long-term speech monitoring;
the reflection on the development of science in general and linguistics in particular, on the influence
of media language and speech of general population on the future of the language, on the role of
the Internet in language changes. The author emphasizes the role of the inductive approach and the
danger of inductively unsupported deductive assertions which often slow down the development of
science.

Politeness vs. Impoliteness in the Responses to the Requests

The article studies the addressee’s responses to the requests from the point of view of politeness/impoliteness. The authors analyze linguistic and extra-linguistic factors which allow them to treat the responses as either polite or impolite.

Linguistic Parameters of the Strategy of Legitimizing the European Union and Delegitimizing B. al-Assad in the British Political Discourse

The article carries out the analysis of the linguistic means involved in the realization of the strategy of legitimizing the European Union/ Great Britain and the strategy of delegitimizing the Syrian President B. al-Assad on the materials of the British politicians’ talks on the topic of the Syrian military conflict and the international suppression of terrorism.

Frequently Used Color Adjectives in Modern French and Russian Printed Media

The article considers a comparative usage of French and Russian color adjectives in modern printed media. The author finds out common features and differences on the semantic, lexical and syntactic levels. The interdependence between the components of the phraseological units of color adjectives is identified.

Peculiarities of Using Grammatical Homonyms Proper ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fall) – Imperfective Aspect – and ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fly Over) – Perfective Aspect

The article regards the peculiarities of the contextual actualization of grammatical aspect homonyms proper ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fall) – Imperfective Aspect – and ОБЛЕТАТЬ (Fly Over) – Perfective Aspect and the content of their homonymic and non-homonymic word-forms.

Contrastive Analysis of the Term Metonymy in the Sphere of Fixation (on the Material of the Russian and German Languages)

The article considers definitions of the term metonymy as a part of the term system of means of stylistic expressiveness on the material of the German and Russian languages. The present research focuses on the necessity of using linguistic methods of describing this section of rhetoric. The author suggests describing the term of this section of rhetoric as a unit of logos. The method of lexical and notional groups is chosen as a way of description.

The Semantic Potential of the Verb with a Broad Meaning ‘Do’ in Languages of Different Groups

The article specifies the semantic amount of the fundamental action verbs in the English, German, French, and Italian languages on the basis of the comparative approach ; the degree of their eurysemy is established.

The Peculiarities of Modality Realization in Utterances with Adverbial Complicators

The article is dedicated to the examination of the peculiarities of modality realization in utterances with adverbial complicators. The author considers different types of modality, analyzes the instances of polymodality.

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