Scientific section. Linguistics

Semantic Field «Family» in Russian and English Idiom (Semantic and Cognitive Aspects)

In this article the main trends of the usage of the semantic field «family» in the forming of Russian and English idioms are analyzed; cognitive fundamentals of this process are distinguished.

Modern School Student’s Lexicon: Content Problem

The article shows the possibilities of the associative lexicon database as a source of study of the content and structure of the modern school student’s lexicon in its age dynamics on the material of «The associative dictionary of the school student of Saratov and Saratov region».

Phrasеologically Bound Sentences Such As ‘If we are going, let us go’ in the Russian Language

Upon analyzing Russian phraseologically bound sentences such as ‘if we are going, let us go’ from various aspects, their linguistic essence has been described and their semantic structures have been characterized. All the above have allowed to approach the task of creating a general typology of these units.

Peculiarities of Subject Expression in Sentences with Adverbial Complicators in Different Communication Spheres (on the material of the modern fiction, press and colloquial speech)

The article is dedicated to examination of the ways of expression of subject in sentences with adverbial complicators in modern fiction, press and colloquial speech. The aim of this article is to prove that the features of functioning of an adverbial complicator do not determine of selection of the ways of expression of subject. Some peculiarities of subject in sentences with adverbial complicators depend on characteristics of a sphere of communication.

Subject of Inner State in the Semantics of Perception Lexis

The article focuses on the analysis of situation concept of inner state subject in the English, Polish, Russian, and Ukrainian languages. The situation concept is regarded as a dynamic formation, representing the interaction of the situation key participants from the point of view of the parameters of a semantic role and a taxonomic class. Both the constituents of the concept and semantic features of key participants of perception situation are established.

Structure and Semantics of Abbreviation

The theoretical aspects of word-formation are considered in the article. For the first time the
complex multiple-aspect investigation of abbreviation in the modern European languages has been carried out.