Scientific section. Linguistics

Russian Metaphor in Diachrony: Major Trends in the Development of Transfers in the Object Sphere

In the article major tendencies in the development of the Russian object metaphorical subsystem are elicited; semantic and cognitive description of the main metaphoric models in diachrony is presented.

Concept of Another in Concept Spheres of the Dursleys and D. Malfoy (in novels by J. K. Rowling about Harry Potter)

This article presents a comparative characterization of the structure and modes of representation of a concept ANOTHER in the concept spheres of two character types in the novels by J. K. Rowling about Harry Potter.

Gossip: Humorous Genre Type (on the Material of the Story by A. Averchenko «Gossip»)

The mechanism of gossip development being a plot-formative factor of a work of art is discussed in this article. Key language features of this genre implementation and verbal tactics are considered.

Contrast Functioning in Political Discourse Depending on Non-subject Extra-linguistic Factors

The realization of different kinds of contrast and its dependence on non-subject extra-linguistic factors are studied on the basis of famous politicians’ speeches. Three stable statistical dependencies between the functioning of contrast and extra-linguistic factors of space, social activity and the history of society are distinguished. It has been established that the change in quantitative parameters of the latter is inversely related to the complexity of contrast-containing sentences.

Usage of Addressing Tactics in Russian and British Newspaper Articles about Culture

The article is dedicated to the investigation of print media texts. Various tactics of addressing as an expression of the interactive character of newspaper texts are considered. An attempt to compare the usage of various addressing tactics in Russian and British press is undertaken in this research.

On the Phenomenon of Phonetic Interference as a Result of Bilingualism in the Territorial Variant of Texan English (Based on the Recordings of Texan Spanish-Speaking People’s Songs)

This article studies some phonetic features of the territorial variant of Texan English which are caused by the bilingual situation developing in Texas under the influence of Hispanic variant of Spanish. The examples of words with specific vowels and consonant changes are given in the article.

Evolution Factors of the Communicative Sphere in Lower Brittany

In this article the factors promoting the replacement of the Breton language and the change of a communicative situation in Lower Brittany in the XIX–XXth centuries are analyzed. The principles of language policy of France, forms and consequences of the introduction of general school education, as well as the importance of the world wars for the unification of the communicative space of the region are described.

Semantic Field «Family» in Russian and English Idiom (Semantic and Cognitive Aspects)

In this article the main trends of the usage of the semantic field «family» in the forming of Russian and English idioms are analyzed; cognitive fundamentals of this process are distinguished.

Modern School Student’s Lexicon: Content Problem

The article shows the possibilities of the associative lexicon database as a source of study of the content and structure of the modern school student’s lexicon in its age dynamics on the material of «The associative dictionary of the school student of Saratov and Saratov region».

Phrasеologically Bound Sentences Such As ‘If we are going, let us go’ in the Russian Language

Upon analyzing Russian phraseologically bound sentences such as ‘if we are going, let us go’ from various aspects, their linguistic essence has been described and their semantic structures have been characterized. All the above have allowed to approach the task of creating a general typology of these units.

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