Scientific section. Linguistics

The French Language in the Environment of the English Language Expansion

At the end of XX century, globalization processes have brought the English language to the leading position. It prevails over other languages in many spheres: in economics, trade, engineering, science, computer science, etc. Due to this factor some of the languages have already disappeared, others are disappearing, yet others, and French among them, withstand and continue to retain their rightful place in international communication.

The Dependence of the Adverbial Complicators Functions on the Meaning of the Base Proposition Predicate

The article is dedicated to adverbialisation – one of the processes of a simple sentence semantic complication. The author considers distinctive correlation of the meanings of the base and side propositions in sentences with adverbial complicators. The paper reveals some typical models of such correlation in the texts in five spheres of communication. The author concludes that the functioning of adverbial complicators has both typical and specific features in different communication areas.

The Dynamics of the Semantic and Word-formation Subsystems: the Word-family with the Stem -ид- (go) in the XI–XVIIth Centuries

The article traces the dynamics of how the word-formation family of words of the movement verb go was formed during seven centuries; characteristic features of its evolution are identified. The most typical word-formation models for the verb word-family are singled out, as well as exceptional word-formation models; the author researches the morphological content of the word-family, semantics of the derivatives and their genre and stylistic peculiarities.

To the Question of the Ludic Function of the Precedent Phenomena in a Literary Discourse

The article touches upon several aspects of precedent phenomena functioning in the literary discourse. The peculiarities of using precedent phenomena in the ludic function are explained not only in terms of mundane communication which is reflected in the literary discourse but also with regard to the inner mechanisms of a literary work. The article discusses several specificities of how precedent phenomena are used in order to create a word play. The author also puts forward a suggestion that the ludic function of a precedent phenomenon may determine its form.

Verbal and Non-verbal Techniques of Creating the Comic in Creolized Texts of Social Advertisement

The article shows how the speaker of an advertising message widely uses the comic and the humorous in the discourse in order to optimize the process of perception.

The Link between the Speaker’s Gender and the Tactical and Strategic Speech Planning

The authors establish the connection between the speaker’s gender and the strategies used in creating free self-presentations on the dating websites. By means of statistical analysis a typical profiler is identified from the perspective of the age and self-presentation text volume. The authors describe the set of tactic and strategic techniques used by men and women in order to present themselves in the virtual communication space.

Age Dynamics of the Distribution of Grammatical Word Classes in an Individual Lexicon

The article considers the distribution of grammatical classes in age
dynamics on the material of the individual lexicon of a pupil.

Linguo-Philosophical Reflection as a Result of a Long-term Speech Monitoring Survey

The article presents the author’s reflection generated by the results of long-term speech monitoring;
the reflection on the development of science in general and linguistics in particular, on the influence
of media language and speech of general population on the future of the language, on the role of
the Internet in language changes. The author emphasizes the role of the inductive approach and the
danger of inductively unsupported deductive assertions which often slow down the development of
science.

Politeness vs. Impoliteness in the Responses to the Requests

The article studies the addressee’s responses to the requests from the point of view of politeness/impoliteness. The authors analyze linguistic and extra-linguistic factors which allow them to treat the responses as either polite or impolite.

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