Scientific section. Linguistics

Structural Peculiarities of IT Terms Containing Proper Nouns (based on English Terminological Dictionaries)

Some theoretical aspects of eponyms’ usage in terminology are studied
in the article. The authors provide a classification of various patterns
which model the formation of the composite IT terminological
compounds.

Linguostylistic Peculiarities of Social Advertising (a Case Study of the German Media)

The paper describes the most common linguistic and stylistic devices (precedent phenomena, pun, metaphor, syntactical expressive means, etc.) used in German social advertising. These devices have a great potential to make the advertising communication more expressive and effective.

The Integration of ‘Platitudes’ into the Composition Structure of the Literary Criticism Texts of the Turn of XIX–XX centuries

The article describes the reasons and the technique of integrating irrational expressive structures – ‘platitudes’ – into the composition of the literary criticism texts of the end of the XIX – the beginning of the XX century. The points are identified which illustrate the general tendency of using ‘platitudes’ as some irrelevant text fragments; their pragmatic purpose, stylistic, emotional and expressive actualization are described.

The Model of the Situation ‘A Queer Act’ (in the Russian Language)

The article presents the results of the frame analysis of the situations of such acts as ‘eccentricity’,
‘prank’, ‘folly’. The research is based on the idea according to which the conceptualization of acts is
linked with the invariable frame, which is a structure built by the following elements: an aim, action,
subject, object, valuation, result. The paper shows the names of the acts representing this invariable
frame model of an act.

Communicative and Discursive Characteristics of Analytical Blogs Dedicated to Scottish Independence

The article reviews the main communicative and discursive characteristics of the texts published in political blogs by the supporters of Scottish independence; the author reveals the degree of how these characteristics impact the lexical and semantic features of the texts under analysis.

Revealing the Content of English Family Names in a Linguocultural Dictionary

The present article reports on the lexicographical description of culturally significant English family names being a part of English speakers’ background knowledge. The given structuring of a dictionary entry allows to reveal the content of such names including, in the broad sense, a set of cultural, historical, social, ethnic and other connotations.

The Features of Substantive Polysemy of Regionalisms of the French Language in France

The article reviews the features of polysemic nouns in the French language in France. A detailed classification of metaphoric and metonymic models of polysemic substantive regionalisms is given.

The Semantics of the Elements of the Arabic Phraseological Field ‘Nutrition’ in the Conceptual Aspect

The article presents the semantic differentiation of the Arabic idioms with the words from the semantic field ‘nutrition’; the degree of phraseological units activity in the replenishment of different semantic spheres and fields is identified; the basic models of idiomatization are singled out as well as the role of conceptual, cultural and historical factors in this process.

The Problems of Word Family of International Terms (on the Material of the Linguistic Terminology of Ancient Greek Origin in the Russian Language)

The author carries out a word family classification of linguistic terms of the Greek origin. The correlation of the lexis of natural and artificial origins in the term pool is described, as well as the place of each of them in the structure of the word family. The classification of the root word families on the basis of the structural peculiarities is suggested.

Semantic Repetitions in Fairy-tale Texts from A. N. Afanasyev’s Collection

The article deals with the description of the types and functions of semantic repetitions in the texts of the Russian folk fairy-tales collected by A. N. Afanasyev. The author comes to the conclusion that semantic repetitions in fairy-tales are not simply an expressive means, they promote the expansion of meaning and serve to form a child’s cognitive abilities.

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