Scientific section. Linguistics

Word-formation Family as a Means of Actualizing the Concept of Movement (on the material of the Old Russian families with the roots -id-, -khod-, -shed-)

The article presents semantic analysis of the derivatives of Old Russian root families of the movement verbs. Groups of words with the roots -id-, -khod-, -shed-, which constituted the core of the Russian concept of movement in the XI–XIVth centuries, are singled out according to different aspects of movement – direction, way, goal, environment.

Peculiarities of Precedent Names Functioning in Student Speech as Symbols of the Precedent Texts and Precedent Situations

The article considers instances of precedent phenomena in students’ speech. There is a special focus on the analysis of communicative situations in which the precedent name is a means of verbalization of the precedent text and precedent situation. It is attempted to elicit the mechanism of actualizing precedent knowledge stored in the cognitive database of the representatives of one linguistic and cultural society.

The Functions of Metaphor in the Modern Speech of French Military Servicemen

Using the examples from the non-fiction and memoir works by the French military servicemen on active duty in the French expeditionary forces from 2001 to 2012, the author identifies and analyzes the functions of metaphor. The author determines the role of metaphor in the contemporary speech of French servicemen based on the results of the present research.

English Language of African-American Social and Ethnic Dialect: Specificity of Speech Behaviour of its Representatives

Аrticle is dedicated to the issues of speech behavior of African-American population of the United States. The author considers both models of verbal behavior of African Americans (language game, signification) and non-verbal forms which serve as a source of replenishment of the dictionary of African-American social and ethnic dialect.

The Sound Scope of the Volga Region German Dialect of the Price Colony

The goal of the article is the analytical description of the dialect of the German colony Price formed as a result of the mixture of language varieties of the first settlers who came from 129 localities of Germany and Europe.

Language Aspects of Economic Globalization

Globalization processes are widely reflected in the way many languages function and develop in the modern world. Based on his own observations and the works of foreign linguists the author of the article analyzes separate aspects of existence and the anticipated prospects of development of the French language under the influence of the economic factor.

Sociogenic Factors of Generation of the Universal and the Ethnic in Legal Picture of the World and in Legal Terminology

The article deals with the problem of sociogenic factors’ influence on shaping of linguistic pictures of the world from the historical point of view with the example of the pictures of the world of law and jurisprudence in languages possessing different structural properties. Special attention is paid to one of the disputable issues of terminological studies – manifestation of cultural identity of terms.

The Impact of the Language System Deviation and Communicative Incompetence of Journalists on Mass Media Speech and the System of Language

The article considers the stages of the Russian language development from the free deviations in the past to the influence on the changes in the system of the mass media language and the Internet in the XXI st century. It is noted that the free deviations of the system in the conditions of living with the Internet are becoming unfeasible, and an ever growing reliance on the users’ competence degree can be observed.

Precedent Phenomena as Culture Level Indicators in Student Communication

The article considers some peculiarities of precedent phenomena functioning in student speech. The author elicits the connection between the sources of the precedent phenomena employed and the student community culture level.

Peculiarities of Substantive Polysemy of the Russian Language Regionalisms

The article is dedicated to the peculiarities of polysemous nouns of the Russian language. A detailed classification of the metaphoric and metonymic models of polysemous substantive regionalisms is presented.